Deficit in attachment behavior in mice
lacking the mu-opioid receptor gene
B Moles A, Kieffer BL, D'Amato FR.
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Institute of Neuroscience,
Psychobiology and Psychopharmacology,
Viale Marx 43, 00137 Roma, Italy.
Science. 2004 Jun 25;304(5679):1983-6.
ABSTRACTEndogenous opioid binding to micro receptors is hypothesized to mediate natural rewards and has been proposed to be the basis of infant attachment behavior. Here, we report that micro-opioid receptor knockout mouse pups emit fewer ultrasonic vocalizations when removed from their mothers but not when exposed to cold or male mice odors. Moreover these knockout pups do not show a preference toward their mothers' cues and do not show ultrasonic calls potentiation after brief maternal exposure. Results from this study may indicate a molecular mechanism for diseases characterized by deficits in attachment behavior, such as autism or reactive attachment disorder.Mu
Fentanyl and ketamine
Dynorphin and dopamine
Genes, pharmacology and mu
The mu opioid receptor: review
Depression, opioids and the HPA
Kappa upregulation and addiction
Opioids, goldfish and the giant toad
Refsand further reading
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World
The Good Drug Guide
The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family