Functional dissociation of mu opioid receptor signaling and endocytosis: implications for the biology of opiate tolerance and addiction
by
Whistler JL, Chuang HH, Chu P, Jan LY, von Zastrow M
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology,
University of California,
San Francisco, 94143, USA.
Neuron 1999 Aug; 23(4):737-46


ABSTRACT

Opiate analgesia, tolerance, and addiction are mediated by drug-induced activation of the mu opioid receptor. A fundamental question in addiction biology is why exogenous opiate drugs have a high liability for inducing tolerance and addiction while native ligands do not. Studies indicate that highly addictive opiate drugs such as morphine are deficient in their ability to induce the desensitization and endocytosis of receptors. Here, we demonstrate that this regulatory mechanism reveals an independent functional property of opiate drugs that can be distinguished from previously established agonist properties. Moreover, this property correlates with agonist propensity to promote physiological tolerance, suggesting a fundamental revision of our understanding of the role of receptor endocytosis in the biology of opiate drug action and addiction.
Mu
Heroin
SOD mu
Tolerance
Naloxonazine
Endomorphins
Polymorphisms
Receptor subtypes
Morphine/verapamil
14-Methoxymetopon
Dynorphin and dopamine
Mu opioid receptor subtypes
Genes, pharmacology and mu
The mu opioid receptor: review
Depression, opioids and the HPA
Kappa upregulation and addiction
Opioids, goldfish and the giant toad
Social life and the mu opioid receptors
Mice without mu don't miss their moms
Opioids, depression and learned helplessness
Happiness, sadness and mu-opioid neurotransmission
Genetic polymorphism of mu opioid peptide receptor (MOP)
The mu-opioid receptor system and the physiological regulation of emotion

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