Methadone vs. L-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) in the treatment of opiate addiction. A meta-analysis of the randomized, controlled trials
by
Glanz M, Klawansky S, McAullife W, Chalmers T
Harvard School of Public Health,
Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
Am J Addict 1997 Fall; 6(4):339-49


ABSTRACT

The authors conducted a meta-analysis of the reported randomized, controlled trials comparing methadone to L-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) to assess the efficacy of LAAM relative to methadone in the treatment of opiate addiction. All studies were conducted in standard outpatient opiate addiction treatment clinics. Most patients were men from lower socioeconomic strata. A statistically significant risk difference favoring methadone was detected for retention-in-treatment and discontinuation of treatment because of side effects. The risk difference for illicit drug use favored LAAM, but was not significant. A small treatment difference in favor of methadone was noted. LAAM does appear to be a relatively effective alternative in the treatment of opiate addiction, more so in certain select situations.
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