Chemical studies on the analgesic indole alkaloids from the traditional medicine (Mitragyna speciosa) used for opium substitute
by
Takayama H, Aimi N, Sakai S.
Research Center of Medicinal Resources,
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
Chiba University, Japan.
Yakugaku Zasshi. 2000 Oct;120(10):959-67


ABSTRACT

The leaves of a tropical plant, Mitragyna speciosa Korth. (Rubiaceae), have been traditionally used as a substitute for opium. By phytochemical studies on the constituents of the plant growing in Thailand as well as in Malaysia, several 9-methoxy-Corynanthe-type monoterpenoid indole alkaloids including new natural products were isolated. The structures of these new compounds were elucidated by the modern spectroscopic methods and/or chiral-total syntheses. The chiral total synthesis of (-)-mitragynine, a major component of this plant, was achieved. Potent opioid agonistic properties of mitragynine, which acts on mu- and delta-opioid subtype receptors, and of mitragynine pseudoindoxyl, whose analgesic activity is more potent than that of morphine, were clarified in in vitro experiments. The essential structural features in mitragynine for revealing the analgesic activity were elucidated by pharmacological evaluation of the natural and synthetic mitragynine derivatives.
Mitragynine
Opium timeline
Opioid receptors
7-hydroxymitragynine
The Pleasures of Opium
Opioids and anaesthesia
Mitragyna speciosa (Kratom)
Mitragynine and the mu opioid receptors


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