Acute and chronic activation of the mu-opioid receptor with the endogenous ligand endomorphin differentially regulates adenylyl cyclase isozymes
Nevo I, Avidor-Reiss T, Levy R, Bayewitch M, Vogel Z
Department of Neurobiology,
The Weizmann Institute of Science,
Rehovot, Israel.
Neuropharmacology 2000 Jan 28; 39(3):364-71


While acute activation of G(i/o)-coupled receptors leads to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, chronic activation of such receptors produces an increase in cyclic AMP accumulation, particularly evident upon withdrawal of the inhibitory agonist. This phenomenon has been referred to as adenylyl cyclase superactivation and is believed to play an important role in opiate addiction. Nine adenylyl cyclase isozymes have been recently identified and shown by us to be differentially regulated by acute and chronic inhibitory receptor activation. Using COS-7 cells cotransfected with various adenylyl cyclase isozymes, we examined here whether the endomorphins (the most recently discovered of the four classes of endogenous opioid peptides, and which interact selectively with the mu receptor) are able to induce inhibition/superactivation of representatives from the various adenylyl cyclase isozyme classes. Here, we show that adenylyl cyclase types I and V were inhibited by acute endomorphin application and superactivated upon chronic exposure, while adenylyl cyclase type II was stimulated by acute and "superinhibited" by chronic endomorphin exposure. These results show that the endomorphins are capable of regulating adenylyl cyclase activity and that different adenylyl cyclase isozymes respond differently to these endogenous ligands.
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