Outcome of chronic opioid
therapy for non-cancer pain

by
Haythornthwaite JA, Menefee LA,
Quatrano-Piacentini AL, Pappagallo M
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,
Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
J Pain Symptom Manage 1998 Mar; 15(3):185-94


ABSTRACT

Potential iatrogenic mood and cognitive declines associated with long-acting opioid therapy were examined in 19 patients receiving long-acting oral opioid medications and compared to ten patients receiving usual care. Pain, mood, and cognitive function were measured before and after achieving stable doses. In addition to reducing pain, long-acting opioid medication reduced anxiety and hostility. No declines in cognitive function were associated with the long-acting opioid medications, and the group receiving long-acting opioid medications showed significant improvement on a measure of psychomotor speed and sustained attention. Both patient groups reported significant reductions in perceived impairment in daily activities due to pain. Treatment responders taking long-acting opioid medications (63%) were taking a significantly lower dose at follow-up than the treatment non-responder group. These findings suggest that long-acting opioid medications can improve mood and do not impair cognitive functioning in patients with chronic non-cancer pain.
Mu
Pain
LAAM
Opioids
Arousal
Fentanyl
Tramadol
Tolerance
Nociceptin
Remifentanil
Endomorphins
Buprenorphine
Receptor subtypes
Opioids and depression
Opioid receptor migration
Depression, opioids and the HPA
Methadone maintenance/subliminal euphoria
Opioids: antidepressant, antimanic, antipanic?
Use of oxycodone and oxymorphone to treat major depression


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
Cocaine.org
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family