Antinociceptive activity of a novel buprenorphine analogue
Lattanzi R, Negri L, Schmidhammer H, Giannini E.
Department of Human Physiology and Pharmacology,
University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
Life Sci 2002 Mar 22;70(18):2177-85


HS-599 is a didehydroderivative of buprenorphine that displays high affinity and good selectivity for mu-opioid receptors. We studied its antinociceptive properties after s.c. injection in mice with the tail-flick and hot-plate tests. In the tail-flick test HS-599 (AD50 = 0.2801 micromol/kg s.c.) behaved as a full agonist and was twice as potent as buprenorphine (AD50=0.4569 micromol/kg s.c.) and 50 times more potent than morphine (AD50 = 13.3012 micromol/kg s.c.). Whereas the mu-opioid receptor antagonists naloxone (1-10 mg/kg s.c.) and naltrexone (5-15 mg/kg s.c.) antagonized HS-599 induced analgesia, the delta-opioid receptor antagonist naltrindole (20 mg/kg s.c.) and the kappa-opioid receptor antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (20 mg/kg s.c.) did not. With the hot-plate test at 50 degrees C, HS-599 (AD50 = 0.0359 micromol/kg s.c.) was a full agonist about 130 times more potent than morphine (AD50 = 4.8553 micromol/kg s.c.). With a high intensity nociceptive stimulus (55 degrees C) HS-599 (AD50 = 1.0382 micromol/kg s.c.) remained 7 times more potent than morphine (AD50 = 7.0210 micromol/kg s.c.) but never exceeded the 55% of the maximum possible effect, behaving as a partial agonist able to antagonize morphine antinociception in a dose-dependent manner. HS-599 promises to be a potent and safe new analgesic, preferentially acting at spinal level.
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