Opioid peptide receptor studies. 12. Buprenorphine is a potent and selective mu/kappa antagonist in the [35S]-GTP-gamma-S functional binding assay
by
Romero DV, Partilla JS, Zheng QX, Heyliger SO,
Ni Q, Rice KC, Lai J, Rothman RB
Clinical Psychopharmacology Section,
DIR, NIDA, NIH, Baltimore,
Maryland 21224, USA.
Synapse 1999 Nov; 34(2):83-94


ABSTRACT

We utilized the [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S functional binding assay to determine the selectivity of opioid receptor agonists in guinea pig caudate membranes. The study focused on two opioid agonists used for treating opioid-dependent patients: methadone and buprenorphine. Selective antagonists were used to generate agonist-selective conditions: TIPP + nor-BNI to measure mu receptors, CTAP + nor-BNI to measure gamma receptors and TIPP + CTAP to measure kappa receptors. The assay was first validated with opioid agonists of known subtype specificity (DAMGO for mu, SNC80 for delta, and U69, 593 for kappa receptors). Methadone-stimulated [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S binding was mu-specific and less potent and efficacious than etorphine (K(d) = 1,537 nM vs. K(d) = 7.8 nM). Buprenorphine failed to stimulate [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S binding but inhibited agonist-stimulated [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S binding. The antagonist-K(i) values (nM) of buprenorphine at mu, delta, and kappa receptors were 0.088 nM, 1.15 nM, and 0.072 nM, respectively. The antagonist-K(i) values (nM) of naloxone at mu, delta, and kappa receptors were 1.39 nM, 25.0 nM, and 11.4 nM, respectively. Autoradiographic studies showed that buprenorphine failed to stimulate [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S binding in caudate-level rat brain sections but blocked DAMGO-stimulated [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S binding. In cells expressing the cloned rat mu receptor, buprenorphine was a partial agonist and potent mu antagonist. Administration of buprenorphine to rats produced a long-lasting (>24 h) decrease in mu and kappa2 receptor binding and attenuated mu-stimulated [(35)S]-GTP-gamma-S binding. Viewed collectively, these data indicate that, in this assay system, buprenorphine is a potent mu and gamma receptor antagonist. The clinical implications remain to be elucidated.
Pain
LAAM
Fentanyl
Tramadol
Tolerance
Nociceptin
Methadone
Remifentanil
Endomorphins
Norbuprenorphine
LAAM v methadone
Opioids and depression
Buprenorphine and naltrexone
Buprenorphine as an antidepressant
Buprenorphine : behavioral pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
Buprenorphine versus methadone or placebo
Buprenorphine versus buprenorphine/nalaxone


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