Opposite modulation of histaminergic
neurons by nociceptin and morphine

by
Eriksson KS, Stevens DR, Haas HL
Department of Physiology II,
Heinrich-Heine-Universitat,
Moorenstrasse 5,
D-40225, Dusseldorf, Germany
Neuropharmacology 2000 Aug 1; 39(12):2492-2498


ABSTRACT

We have studied the effects of nociceptin/orphanin FQ on the histaminergic neurons in the tuberomammillary (TM) nucleus and compared them with the actions of opioid agonists. Intracellular recordings of the membrane potential were made with sharp electrodes from superfused rat hypothalamic slices. Nociceptin strongly inhibited the firing of the TM neurons. In the concentration range 10-300nM, nociceptin hyperpolarized the neurons in a dose-dependent and reversible manner. Insensitivity to tetrodotoxin indicated a postsynaptic effect which was associated with decreased input resistance. Voltage-current plots suggested the involvement of a potassium conductance which was highly sensitive to Ba(2+) and decreased by Cs(+), in keeping with the activation of an inwardly rectifying potassium channel. Morphine (20-100muM) depolarized the TM neurons and increased their firing, and this effect was blocked by tetrodotoxin. Dynorphin A(1-13) at 100-300nM did not affect the TM neurons. Nociceptin and morphine modulate the activity of the TM neurons, and most likely histamine release, in opposite ways. Histamine has an antinociceptive effect in the brain and may be involved in opioid-induced analgesia. Nociceptin might therefore influence pain transmission by inhibiting opioid-induced histamine release from the TM nucleus and also modulate other physiological mechanisms which have been ascribed to the histaminergic system.
Itch
Heroin
Morphine
Nociceptin
Methadone
Endomorphins
Nociceptin/orphanin and dopamine


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
erythroxylum-coca.com
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family